What types of Alternative Formats are there?
We have given each format a rating based on their flexibility, ease of use and popularity.
Visit the Tools & Solutions section for help with creating these formats.
A Daisy book is a digital talking book that allows the reader to navigate around the book (eg: skip to a chapter, or add a bookmark). DAISY also allows information to be presented as combined audio synchronised with the text.
Large print is as the name suggests and is provided in a variety of sizes and formats depending on the author.
This describes Large Print where the letter size is larger than 18 point font. Generally, students do not require access to their learning materials in font sizes greater than 24 point so this format is not commonly used.
Electronic text files without formatting (as created with Windows Notepad or TextEdit). Plain text format is important because it is flexible and has total compatibility. File sizes are small (in terms of bytes), so can be transferred easily between PCs, laptops, Macs, Smartphones, Braille note-takers or USB thumb drives and opened with a massive choice of programs. Text output can be formatted and converted as required by the end user and contains no inaccessible material so is entirely accessible to screen reader users.
Diagrams, pictorial information and graphs are reproduced this way for people who are visually impaired. Diagrams are drawn onto special paper which is then heated. Any area that has been drawn on is raised so that a relief diagram is produced. Braille notes can be added and diagrams are often accompanied by a Braille explanation. Diagrams may need to be simplified or altered before being produced in tactile form.
Easily recognised as a pattern of raised dots, used by readers who are blind and read by touch.
Moon is similar to Braille but, instead of dots, characters and words are represented as raised (embossed) shapes.